Medieval Combat Society

Knights of the Garter

Knights of the Garter (61)

Also known as Edward le Despencer

Born: 24 March 1336 Essendine, Rutlandshire, England

Christened:

Died: 11 November 1375, Cardiff Castle, Llanblethian, Glamorganshire, Wales

Buried: Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England

Parents: Edward Despencer (born 1312, Buckland, England, died 30 September 1342) married (20 April 20 1335, Groby, Leicestershire, England) Anne Ferrers (died 8 August 1367)

Siblings:

Thomas Le Despencer (born about 1337 Essendine, Rutlandshire, England)

Henry Le Despencer, Bishop of Norwich (born about 1339 Norwich, England, died 1406)

Gilbert Le Despencer (born about 1341 Gloucestershire, England)

Anne Despencer (born about 1346)

Married: before 2 August 1354 Essendine, Rutlandshire, England

Spouse: Elizabeth De Burghersh (born 1342, Ewias Lacy, Herefordshire, England, died 26 July 1409, buried Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England)

Offspring:

Cicely Despencer (born 1354 Essendine, Rutlandshire, England, died young)

Edward Le Despencer Earl of Gloucester (born 1356, Gloucestershire, England)

Anne Despencer (born 1358 Essendine, Rutland, England, died 30/31 October 1426) married 1: (before 1 November 1376) Hugh De Hastings (born 1362, died 1386) married 2: Thomas Morley, 4th Lord (died 24 September 1416/7)

Hugh Le Despencer (born 1360, Essendine, Rutlandshire, England, died 1411, buried in St Georges, Botolph Lane, London, Middlesex, England)

Margaret Despencer (born 1365, died 3 November 1415) married Robert de Ferrers, 5th Lord of Chartley (died 13 March 1412/3)

Elizabeth Despencer (born 1367 Essendine, Rutland, England, died 10/11 April 1408, buried Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England) married 1: John FitzAlan Lord Maltravers (born 1365, died 1391) married 2: (after 28 Arpil 1393) William la Zouche, 3rd Lord (born before 1342, died 13 May 1396)

Philippa Despencer (born 1370 Essendine, Rutland, England)

Thomas Le Despencer (born 22 September 1373, Essendine, Rutland, England died 13 January 1400, Executed at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England) married (16 April 1378 Bristol, Gloucestershire, England) Constance Plantagenet, Baroness Despencer (born 1374 Castle, Conisbrough, Yorkshire, England, died 28 November 1416, Reading Berkshire, buried Reading Abbey, Berkshire)

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Qrtly 1 & 4 argent 2 & 3 gules fretty or overall a baston (bend) sable

Crest: Out of a ducal coronet, per pale Gules and Argent, between two wings, a griphon's head of the last, beak and ears of the first, gorged with a collar per pale Or and Argent.

Knight of the Garter 1361, Stall 3, became a Knight Garter after the death of Henry Plantagenet

Edward campaigned with Prince Edward in Gascony in 1355 and he fought in the skirmish at Romorantin and at the battle of Poitiers 1356. Edward Summoned to Parliament as Lord Despencer 15 December 1357. Edward took part in the expedition to France in 1359 in the staff of Edward III. He swore to uphold the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. In 1363 he escorted the king of Cyprus from Dover to London. Jean Froissart accompanied Edward to the Welsh Marches in 1366. In 1368 Edward was in the retinue of the Duke of Clarence and was there when he died at Piedmont. In 1369, with the death of his father in law, the Manor of Henley passed to him and his wife. Edward returned from Italy in 1372 and in 1373 campaigned under John of Gaunt, and the Duke of Brittany in 1373, ravaging Artois and Picardy, and was in command of the rear-guard.After the truce in 1374 Edward returned to England. Edward made his will on 6 November 1375 and died 11 November 1375 An effigy was made of him in Tewksbury Abbey, and he bequested a chalice to the abbey which had been given to him by the king of France. Edward was described as the most honourable, gallant and valiant knight of all England, much beloved by the ladies.

 

Edward Despencer
Edward Le Despencer from Elsing brass of Henry Plantagenet
Edmund Le Despencer from Elsing brass of Henry Plantagenet, died 1340. Remade from a drawing.

John Plantagenet of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, Earl of Richmond, Earl of Derby, King of Castille and Leon, Sheriff of Lancashire, 1340-1399

Born: March 1340, St Bavon's Abbey, Ghent, Flanders

Died: 3 February 1399, Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England

Buried: 15 March 1399, Old St.Paul's Cathedral, London, England

Parents: Edward III (born 13 November 1312, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, christened 16 November 1312, Royal Chapel Windsor, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, died 21 June 1377, Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, buried Westminster Abbey, Middlesex) married (24 January 1328 at York Minster, Yorkshire) Phillipa of Hainault (born 24 June 1311, Valenciennes, died 14 August 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. Died of the Plague, buried Westminster Abbey, London)

Siblings:

Prince Edward "The Black Prince" Plantagenet of Wales (15 June 1330, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, 8 June 1376, Westminster Palace, Middlesex, 29 September 1376, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent) married: (10 October 1361 at the Royal Chapel of St George at Windsor Castle, Berkshire) Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" (Born 29 September 1328, died 8 August 1385, Wallingford Castle, Buried Stamford, Lincolnshire, buried Grey Friars Minor, Stamford, Lincolnshire) Joan had previously married 1: William Montacute Earl of Salisbury (born 20 June 1328, Donyatt, Somerset, died 3 June1397) Joan had previously married 2: Thomas de Holland Earl of Kent (born 1314, died 26 December 1360, Normandy)

Princess Isabel Plantagenet of England, Countess of Bedford, (born 16 June 1332 Palace,Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died before 4 May 1379 Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England. buried Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England) married: (27 July 1365, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England) Enguerrand Le Brun VII De Coucy, 7th Earl of Bedford. (born 1339, died 18 February 1397, Bursa, Anatolia)

Joan (Joanna) Plantagenet of England (born February 1335 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, died 2 September 1348 Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France, died of the Bubonic Plague, buried Bayonne Cathedral, Gascony, France) Never married

William Plantagenet (born 16 February 1336 Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, died before 3 March 1337, buried York Minster, York, England)

Lionel "Of Antwerp" Plantagenet Duke of Clarence (born 29 November 1338 Antwerp, Antwerp Belgium, died 17 October 1368 Alba, Cuneo, Italy, buried in Clare, Suffolk, England) married 1: (15 August 1342 / 9 Sep 1342, Tower of London, London, Middlesex, England) Elizabeth de Burgh Countess of Ulster (born 7 June 1332, Carrickfergus, Ulster, died 12 October 1363, Dublin, Ireland, buried Clare Priory, Essex), daughter of William de Burgh Earl of Ulster (born 1312, died 1333, Murdered at Le Ford, Belfast) married Maud (died 1377, Bruisyard Abbey, Suffolk) she later married Ralph de Ufford (died 9 April 1346, Kilmainham, Ireland) married 2: (28 May/5 June 1368, Church of St Maria Maggiore, Milano, Italy) Violante Visconti (born 1353, Milano, Italy, died November 1382/6, Pavia, Italy) Edmund Plantagenet Duke of York (born 5 June 1341 King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England, died 1 August 1402 Langley, Hertfordshire, England) married 1: (1 January 1370/1371) Isabel Perez married 2: (4 November 1393) Joan Holland Blanche Plantagenet (born March 1342 Tower Of London, London, Middlesex, England, died March 1342 Tower of London) Mary Plantagenet, Duchess of Brittany (born 10 October 1344 Bishops Waltham, Hampshire, England, died 1361/62, buried Abingdon Abbey, Berkshire, England) married (1361, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England) Jean Montfort. Duke of Brittany

Margaret Plantagenet Countess Of Pembroke (born 20 July 1346 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, died after 1 October 1361, buried Abingdon Abbey, Abingdon, Berkshire, England) married (19 May 1359 Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England) John Hastings (born 29 August 1347, Sutton Valence, died 16 April 1375, Picardy, France, buried 28 April 1376 Friars Preachers, Hereford, Herefordshire, England)

Thomas Plantagenet (born 1347)

William Plantagenet (born before 24 June 1348 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, buried 5 September 1348)

Thomas Plantagenet Duke Of Gloucester (born about 7 January 1354 Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died (murdered) 9 September 1397 Calais, Pas-De-Calais, France, buried St Edmund's, Westminster, Middlesex, England) married (24 August 1376) Eleanor de Bohun (Alianore), Duchess of Gloucester, (born 1366, died 3 October 1399, Minories Convent, Aldgate, London) daughter of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford (born 1342, died 1373) married Joan FitzAlan (died 1419)

Joan Plantagenet

Associated with: Alice Perrers

John De Southeray (born about 1364, Acceded 1377, died after 1383) married Matilda Percy

Joan Plantagenet married Robert Skerne

Jane Plantagenet married Richard Northland

Associated with: Unknown

Nicholas Lytlington, Abbot of Westminster (died 1386) Never claimed to be a kings son

Associated with: Marie De St. Hilaire (born 1341)

Offspring:

1. Blanche Plantagenet (born 1360, died 1388-1389)

Married 1: 13 May 1359, Queen Chapel, Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England

Spouse 1: Blanche (born 25 March 1342, died 12 September 1368, Bolingbroke Castle)

Offspring:

2. Phillippa Plantagenet (Queen of Portugal) (born 31 March 1360, died 19 July 1415)

3. John Plantagenet (born 1362 - 1364)

4. Elizabeth Plantagenet (Duchess of Exeter) (born 21 February 1363, died 24 November 1426) married 1: John Hastings, 5th Lord Hastings (died 30 December 1389) married 2: John Holand, Duke of Exeter (died 1400) married 3: John Cornwall

5. Edward Plantagenet (born 1365, died 1365)

6. Henry IV Plantagenet (King of England) (born 3 April 1366, Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire, died 20 March 1413, Westminster, buried Canterbury) married (27 July 1380) Mary De Bohun (born 30 May 1366 Bolingbroke, Clinics, died 20 March 1413 Westminster, buried Canterbury)

7. John Plantagenet (born before 4 May 1366)

8. Isabella Plantagenet (born 1368)

Married 2: 21 Sep 1371, Roquefort Sur Me, Guienne, Charente Maritim, France

Spouse 2: Constanza (Constance) of Castilla and Leon (born 1354, died 24 Mar 1394, buried St Mary, Leicester, Leicestershire, England)

Offspring:

9. Katherine Plantagenet (Queen of Castilla) (born 6 June 1372-31 Mar 1373, died 2 June 1418)

10. John Plantagenet (born 1374, died 1375)

Married 3: 13 January 1396 at Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England

Spouse 3: Katherine Catherine De Roet Swynford (born 25 November 1350, Picardy, Somme, France, died 10 May 1403, buried Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, England) widow of a knight killed in Aquitaine

Offspring:

11. John Beaufort, Fairborn, 1st Earl of Somerset (born 1371-1373, Chateau De Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, France, died 16 March 1409/10, St. Catherine By The Tower Hospital, London, Middlesex, England, buried Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England)

12. Henry Beaufort (Cardinal) (born 1375 Chateau De Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, France, died 11 Apr 1447, buried Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England)

13. Thomas Beaufort Duke of Exeter (born January 1377, Chateau De Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, France, died 27 December 1426, Greenwich Manor, East Greenwich, Kent, England, buried Abbey, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England ) married Margaret Neville (born about 1375, died 1400) daughter of Thomas "of Horneby" Neville

14. Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (born 1379, Chateau De Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, France, died 13 November 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England, buried Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, England) married (29 November 1396 Chateau De Beaufort, Meuse-et-Loire, France) Ralph De Neville (born about 1364 Raby, Durham, England, died 21 October 1425 Raby Castle, Durham, England)

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Quarterly, 1st and 4th Azure semee-de-lis Or (France Ancient); 2nd and 3rd Gules three Lions passant guardant Or (England); A Label of three points Ermine for difference. Described by George Beltz as Quarterly, Castille and Leon , impaling quarterly France and England, differentiated by a label of three points Ermine.

Heraldic Crest: Upon a Chapeau Gules turned up Ermine a Lion statant guardant crowned Or with a Label of three points Ermine about his neck.

Heraldic Devices: Three ermine ostrich feathers with gold quills and scrolls on a black background. An eagle or falcon with a padlock in its beak. An eagle standing on a fetterlock. Described by George Beltz as An eagle standing upon and essaying to open a padlock. This badge appears upon a seal, impressions of which are remaing in the office of the duchy of Lancaster.

May have also used for the duchy of Lancaster, France and England quartered with a blue label charged with nine gold fleurs-de-lys

Knight of the Garter 1360, Stall 14, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Thomas Holland, then transferred to Stall 2 in 1377Seal of John of Gaunt

John was One of the most powerful men in England during Edward III's reign and later. A Plantagenet, this name originating as a nick-name for "Geoffrey the Fair" Count of Anjou who wore a sprig of broom in his hat [Fr: genet=broom]. John gained the title of Earl of Richmond on 20 September 1342, aged 2. He was granted by his father, Edward III, the title 5th Earl of Lancaster & 2nd Duke of Lancaster, thus holding the vast Duchy of Lancaster and Pontefract castle. In fact there is a place named after him "John of Gaunt's" about 5 miles north of Wakefield. The ownership of the Duchy made him the overlord of the knight's fees of the Honour of Pontefract and would indicate that the Midgley families in West Yorkshire were of these, William de Miggeley (born about 1280) being one, who as a Parliamentary knight and Yorkshire Court Lawyer, had likely invested heavily in the wool trade. John of Gaunt was part of the 'Lancastrian Line' whilst his brother Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York was the progenitor of the Yorkists. The name Plantagenet was not used by either family from Richard I to Richard II but thereafter was employed as a form of superiority.

John married Blanche, heiress of Lancaster and the Mayor of London ordered Jousts in celebration in May 1359 which he took part in, and in October 1359 John accompanied Edward III to France. Through his wife Blanche, he became Earl of Derby 21 July 1361 and Lord of Beaufort and Nogent on 14 August 1361. John succeeded to the title of Earl of Lincoln on 10 April 1362, the Earl of Leicester on 10 April 1362 and the Earl of Derby also on 10 April 1362. He gained the title of Duke of Lancaster on 13 November 1362. In 1362 John was made the High Sheriff of Lancashire, which he also held until his death. The Lancaster holdings made John the wealthiest and one of the most influential nobles in England. He served under his brother, Prince Edward in the Hundred Years War and went (1367) on his campaign to aid Peter the Cruel of Castile. and fought at the battle of Najera on 3 April 1367. He gained the title of Lord de Bergerac et Roche-sur-Yon on 8 October 1370. He fought at the recapture of Limoges in 1370. After the death of Blanche he married in 1371 Peter’s daughter, Constance, and thus gained a claim to the Castilian throne. Through his marriage, John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster gained the title of Rey John de Castilla before 6 October 1372. When Prince Edward became ill during the French campaign of 1370–1, John took chief command. John recovered many of the Lancaster possessions that had been lost in 1322. He also made valuable additions to the Duchy, including the Honors of Tickhill, Knaresborough, Pevensey (in 1372), and High Peak, which he received in exchange for surrendering the Earldom of Richmond in North Yorkshire to his father on 5 June 1372. In 1372 Edward III granted John the Manor of Aylsham.

In July 1373 John led an army from Calais to Bordeaux, but the expedition accomplished little taking a very long route south of Paris covering nearly 1000 miles in 5 months. After a truce was reached in 1375 he returned to England, where he allied himself with the corrupt court party led by Alice Perrers, mistress of the aging Edward III. In 1369 Geoffrey Chaucer wrote a long poem of courtly love 'The book of the Duchess', written in English and was an elegy for John of Gaunts first wife Blanche. For a short time John of Gaunt in effect ruled England. His party was temporarily dislodged from power by the Good Parliament of 1376. The death of Prince Edward on 8 June 1376 was a great blow to the Commons. John of Gaunt was able, on Parliament's dismissal, to declare the good parliament void and to recall the impeached ministers, and by Edward's wish have Alice Perrers returned. Sir Peter de la Mare was imprisoned without trial and Bishop William of Wykeham was banished from court and his properties seized. The struggle between the anti-ecclesiastical party, led by John of Gaunt, in alliance with John Wyclif, and the clergy, led by William of Wykeham, were due to Edward's neglect of the affairs of his kingdom. In january 1377 A new Parliament was formed and elected John of Gaunts own speaker and granted subsidies.

In February 1377 Wyclif was summoned by Archbishop Sudbury and Bishop Courtenay of London and was asked to answer for his geretical teachings. At St Pauls Cathedral anger arose against John of Gaunt who supported Wyclif. A mob headed for the Savoy Palace, owned by John of Gaunt, and on their way killed a priest who spoke ill of Sir Peter de la Mere. John of Gaunt and Percy escaped by boat down the river Thames. The mob rather than loot the Savoy Palace, went through it destoying everything they could. Bishop Courtenay persuaded the mob to disperse, and Sir Peter de la Mere was freed.

On 28 February 1377, Edward III recreated the Palatinate for John's lifetime. In 1390, this grant was extended to include John's heirs. The Duke of Lancaster had become one of the most important figures in the country. Hostility to the strong clerical party, led by William of Wykeham, caused him to support the movement of John Wyclif. After the accession (1377) of his nephew, Richard II, John remained the most powerful figure in the government, but he devoted himself primarily to military matters. During the Peasants revolt of 1381, his Savoy Palace was destroyed. In 1386, allied with John I of Portugal, who married one of his daughters, he led an expedition to make good his Castilian claims against John I of Castile. John of Gaunt finally agreed to peace in 1388, transferred his claims to his daughter by Constance of Castile, and married her to the future Henry III of Castile. He returned to England in 1389, was made duke of Aquitaine on 2 March 1390, and helped to restore peace between Richard II and the hostile barons led by Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester. In 1396, John of Gaunt married Catherine Swynford, many years his mistress, and had his children by her, under the name of Beaufort, declared legitimate. He died soon after the king had exiled his eldest son, the duke of Hereford (later Henry IV, first of the royal line of Lancaster). John is also remembered as the patron of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer.

Last Will and Testament

I, John, son of the King of England, Duke of Lancaster, February 3d, 1397. My body to be buried in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, of London, near the principal altar, beside my most dear late wife Blanch, who is there interred. If I die out of London I desire that the night my body arrives there, that it be carried direct to the Friars Carmelites in Fleet Street, and the next day taken strait to St. Paul's, and that it be not buried for forty days, during which I charge my executors that there be no cering or embalming my corpse; I will that my executors pay all my debts, excepting the debts for the army, which my beloved brother the Duke of York incurred in Portugal, of which before God and all the world I hold myself free; I desire that chauntries and obits be founded for the souls of my late dear wives Blanch and Constance, whom God pardon; to the said altar of St. Paul's my vestment of satin embroidered, which I bought of Courtnay, embroider at London, certain lands and tenements in London, of which the reversion is purchased, rendering xx marks a year to Dame Katherine del Staple for her life, and I desire that during her life she be paid out of the rents of the Manor of Bernoldwyk, in the county of York; to the prisons of Newgate and Ludgate, in London C marks, to be divided between them; to my most dear wife Katherine, my two best nouches which I have, excepting that which I have allowed to my Lord and nephew the King, and my large cup of gold which the Earl of Wilts gave to the King my Lord, and which he gave me on my going into Guienne, together with all the buckles, rings, diamonds, rubies, and other things, that will be found in a little box of cypress wood, of which I carry the key myself, and all the robes which I bought of my dear cousin the Duchess of Norfolk, also my large bed of black velvet, embroidered with a circle of fetter-locks, and garters, all the beds made for my body called in England "trussing beds," my best stay with a good ruby, my best collar, all which my said wife had before her marriage with me, also all the goods and jewels which I had given her since my marriage; to my Lord and nephew the King the best nouche which I have on the day of my death, my best cup of gold which my dear wife Katherine gave me on New Year's Day last, my gold saltcellar with a garter, and the piece of arras which the Duke of Bourgoyne gave me when I was at Calais; to my dear brother the Duke of York, a gold cup and cover; to my dear son Henry, Duke of Hereford, Earl of Derby, two of the best pieces of arras, one of which was given me by my Lord and nephew the King, and the other by my dear brother the Duke of Gloucester, whom God pardon, when I lately returned from Spain, also a chain of gold of the old manner, with the name of God in each part, which my most honored Lady and mother the Queen, whom God pardon, gave me, commanding me to preserve it, with her blessing, and I desire that he will keep it with the blessing of God and mine; to my dear daughter Philippa, Queen of Portugal, my second best stay of gold, and a gold cup and cover; to my dear daughter Katherine, Queen of Castile and Leon, a gold cup and cover; to my dear daughter Elizabeth, Duchess of Exeter, my white bed of silk, with blue eagles displayed, and my best nouche after those before given; to my dear son John Beaufort, Marquis of Dorset, a dozen saucers, &c.; to the Reverend Father in God and my dear son the Bishop of Lincoln, a dozen saucers, &c. and my missal, and my portheus, which belonged to my Lord and brother the Prince of Wales, whom God preserve; to my dear son Thomas Beaufort, their brother, a dozen saucers, &c.; to my dear daughter, their sister, Countess of Westmoreland and Lady of Nevil, a silk bed, and a cup and cover of gold; to my dear Henry, eldest son of my dear son the Duke of Hereford, a gold cup; to my dear son John, brother to the said Henry, a gold cup; after all my debts are paid, and restitution made to all who have been injured by me or my servants, on my account, I desire that my executor pay to the Minister of Bury one thousand pounds; to my said wife Katherine two thousand pounds; to my said son the Duke of Hereford one thousand pounds; to my said son the Marquis one thousand pounds; to my said son Thomas Beaufort one thousand marks; "a mon tres chere bachelier" Monsr. Thomas Swyneford, C marks; to Monsr Walter Blount, Monsr Chamberlain, C marks; to Monsr Hugh Shirley Cmarks; to Monsr Richard Aberbury, the sons, L marks; to Monsr William Par L marks; I will that a chauntry be founded at the New Church of our Lady of Leicester, for the soul of my late wife Dame Constance, who is there buried, and for ever to keep an obit for her soul on the 24th day of March; and as for the annuity or annual pension of forty-thousand franks, which my dear son the King of Castile and Leon is bound to me, a certain part of which is unpaid, I devise to the King one third part of what may, by his assistance, be recovered of the arrears now due. And I constitute and appoint the Reverend Fathers in God Richard Bishop of Salisbury; John Bishop of Worcester; my very dear and loving cousins and companions Thomas Earl of Worcester, Steward of the Household of my Lord the King; and William Earl of Wilts, Treasurer of England; my son Ralph Earl of Westmoreland; Monsr Walter Blount; Monsr John Dabruggecourt; Monsr William Par; Monsr Hugh War'ton; Monsr Thomas Skelton; and Cokeyn, Chief Steward of my Lands; Sir Robert Qwytby, my Attorney General; Piers Melburn; William Ketyring; Robert Haylfield, Comptroller of my Household; Sir John Leyburn, my Receiver General; and Thomas Longley, Clerk, my executors. And I ordain my most dear and entirely beloved brother Edmond Duke of York; my most dear and entirely beloved nephew Edward Duke of Aumerle; the Reverend Fathers in God Roger Archbishop of Canterbury; Richard Archbishop of York; and the Bishop of Lincoln, my dear son, supervisors of this my last will, whom, with my Lord the King, I pray to be faithful surveyors of the same. In faith of which I have placed hereto the seal of my arms, and also my own signet, which I always carry myself, in the presence of the following witnesses: Maistre John Kenyngham, Doctor in Theology; Sir John Newton, Parson of the Church of Burbach; Sir Walter Piers, Parson of the Church of Wymondham; William Harpeden, and Robert Symeon, Esquires; and by John de Bynbrok, of the Diocese of Lincoln, Notary.

CODICIL TO THE SAID WILL

Item. John, son of the King of England, Duke of Lancaster, whereas I have purchased divers manors, &c. before my marriage with my dear wife Catherine, to whom I have given several parts for her life, and I have enfeoffed my dear son John Beaufort, Marquis of Dorset, with certain other parts, &c. to my dear son Thomas Beaufort, brother of the aforesaid John, manors which belonged to Edward de Kendale, the reversion of which I have bought of Dame Elizabeth Crosier, also the lordships, &c. of which Dame Elizabeth Barry held for the term of her life, to him and the heirs of his body; in default of which to my said son John, and the heirs of his body; failing which to my dear daughter Joan, their sister, Countess of Westmoreland; I will that my dear bachelier Monsr Robert Nevil, William Gascoigne, my dear esquires, Thomas de Radclyf, and William Kat'yng, and my dear clerk Thomas de Langley, who, according to my directions, are enfeoffed in the Manor of Bernolswyk, in the County of York, pay annually to my executors for Dame Katherine del Staple xx marks for her life; and touching the wapentakes of Hangest, Hangwest, and Halykeld, in Richmondshire, which I have before granted to my dear son-in-law Ralph Earl of Westmoreland, and to my daughter Joan, his wife, for their lives, I will, &c.

Memorials Of The Most Noble Order Of The Garter From Its Foundation To The Present Time, George Beltz, 1841

Lionel Plantagenet of Antwerp, Earl of Ulster, Duke of Clarence 1338-1368

Born: 29 November 1338, Anvers, Anvers, Belgium / Antwerp, Brabant

Died: 17 Oct 1368, Alba, Piedmont, Cuneo, Italy

Buried: Austinfriars, Clare Priory, Suffolk, England

Parents: Edward III (born 13 November 1312, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, christened 16 November 1312, Royal Chapel Windsor, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, died 21 June 1377, Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, buried Westminster Abbey, Middlesex) married (24 January 1328 at York Minster, Yorkshire) Phillipa of Hainault (born 24 June 1311, Valenciennes, died 14 August 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. Died of the Plague, buried Westminster Abbey, London)

Siblings:

Prince Edward "The Black Prince" Plantagenet of Wales (15 June 1330, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, 8 June 1376, Westminster Palace, Middlesex, 29 September 1376, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent) married: (10 October 1361 at the Royal Chapel of St George at Windsor Castle, Berkshire) Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" (Born 29 September 1328, died 8 August 1385, Wallingford Castle, Buried Stamford, Lincolnshire, buried Grey Friars Minor, Stamford, Lincolnshire) Joan had previously married 1: William Montacute Earl of Salisbury (born 20 June 1328, Donyatt, Somerset, died 3 June1397) Joan had previously married 2: Thomas de Holland Earl of Kent (born 1314, died 26 December 1360, Normandy)

Princess Isabel Plantagenet of England, Countess of Bedford, (born 16 June 1332 Palace,Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died before 4 May 1379 Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England. buried Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England) married: (27 July 1365, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England) Enguerrand Le Brun VII De Coucy, 7th Earl of Bedford. (born 1339, died 18 February 1397, Bursa, Anatolia)

Joan (Joanna) Plantagenet of England (born February 1335 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, died 2 September 1348 Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France, died of the Bubonic Plague, buried Bayonne Cathedral, Gascony, France) Never married

William Plantagenet (born 16 February 1336 Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, died before 3 March 1337, buried York Minster, York, England)

Prince John "Of Gaunt" Plantagenet Earl of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lancaster (born 24 June 1340 St Bavon Abbey, Gand (Ghent), Flandre-Orientale (Belgium), died 3 February 1398 Leicester Castle, England, buried 15 March 1399 St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Middlesex, England) married 1: (19 May 1359) Blanche Plantagenet daughter of Henry Plantagenet (born March 25 1345, died 12 September 1369 married 2: Constance, elder daughter of Pedro the Cruel, King of Castile and Leon. (died 1394) married 3: Catherine Roet, daughter of Sir Payne Roet and widow of Sir Hugh Swynford Edmund Plantagenet Duke of York (born 5 June 1341 King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England, died 1 August 1402 Langley, Hertfordshire, England) married 1: (1 January 1370/1371) Isabel Perez married 2: (4 November 1393) Joan Holland Blanche Plantagenet (born March 1342 Tower Of London, London, Middlesex, England, died March 1342 Tower of London) Mary Plantagenet, Duchess of Brittany (born 10 October 1344 Bishops Waltham, Hampshire, England, died 1361/62, buried Abingdon Abbey, Berkshire, England) married (1361, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England) Jean Montfort. Duke of Brittany

Margaret Plantagenet Countess Of Pembroke (born 20 July 1346 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, died after 1 October 1361, buried Abingdon Abbey, Abingdon, Berkshire, England) married (19 May 1359 Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England) John Hastings (born 29 August 1347, Sutton Valence, died 16 April 1375, Picardy, France, buried 28 April 1376 Friars Preachers, Hereford, Herefordshire, England)

Thomas Plantagenet (born 1347)

William Plantagenet (born before 24 June 1348 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, buried 5 September 1348)

Thomas Plantagenet Duke Of Gloucester (born about 7 January 1354 Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died (murdered) 9 September 1397 Calais, Pas-De-Calais, France, buried St Edmund's, Westminster, Middlesex, England) married (24 August 1376) Eleanor de Bohun (Alianore), Duchess of Gloucester, (born 1366, died 3 October 1399, Minories Convent, Aldgate, London) daughter of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford (born 1342, died 1373) married Joan FitzAlan (died 1419)

Joan Plantagenet

Associated with: Alice Perrers

John De Southeray (born about 1364, Acceded 1377, died after 1383) married Matilda Percy

Joan Plantagenet married Robert Skerne

Jane Plantagenet married Richard Northland

Associated with: Unknown

Nicholas Lytlington, Abbot of Westminster (died 1386) Never claimed to be a kings son

Married 1: 15 August 1342 / 9 Sep 1342, Tower of London, London, Middlesex, England

Spouse 1: Elizabeth de Burgh Countess of Ulster (born 7 June 1332, Carrickfergus, Ulster, died 12 October 1363, Dublin, Ireland, buried Clare Priory, Essex), daughter of William de Burgh Earl of Ulster (born 1312, died 1333, Murdered at Le Ford, Belfast) married Maud (died 1377, Bruisyard Abbey, Suffolk) she later married Ralph de Ufford (died 9 April 1346, Kilmainham, Ireland)

Offspring 1:

Phillippa Plantagenet Countess of Ulster (born 16 August 1355, Eltham Palace, died 7 January 1382, Cork, Ireland, buried Wigmore) married 1368 Edmund Mortimer Earl of March (born 1 February 1352, Langoed, Brecons, Wales, died 27 December 1381, Dominican Priory, Cork)

Married 2: 28 May/5 June 1368, Church of St Maria Maggiore, Milano, Italy

Spouse 2: Violante Visconti (born 1353, Milano, Italy, died November 1382/6, Pavia, Italy) daughter of Giovanni/Gian Galeazzo

Offspring 2:

Heraldic Coat of Arms: France (ancient) and England quarterly, a label of three points argent, and on each a canton gules

Knight of the Garter 1360, Stall 11, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of John Beauchamp

Some say died 10 Dec 1368. Burke say married 1352. Earl of Ulster. It is said that he died of food poisoning.

Lionel was named as a compliment to the Duke of Brabant whose badge was a lion. Through his marriage, Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence gained the title of Earl of Ulster 26 January 1347. In May 1359 he took part in the jousts at Windsor, and in October 1359 he accompanied Edward III to France and in his retinue was Geoffrey Chaucer. He gained the title of Duke of Clarence on 13 November 1362.

Lionel was a widower at the age of 29 and travelled to Milan for his marriage to Violante Visconti, the 13 year old daughter of Giovanni Galeazzo. He stopped of at Paris in April 1368 and was accompanied by a retinue of 457 people and 1280 horses. When he arrived in Milan Lionel was escorted by 1500 mercenaries from the White Company, who having finished their service for the Pope now worked for the Visconti. The wedding banquet was held in June 1368 and was attended by Froissart and Geoffrey Chaucer.

Four month after his wedding, Lionel died while in Italy, of an unknown fever.

Last Will and Testament

LIONEL OF ANTWERP, DUKE OF CLARENCE
Lionel Duke of Clarence, in the house of the Duke of Milan, in the City of Alba, the 3d of October 1368. My body to be buried in the Church of the Friars Augustine's at Clare, in the County of Suffolk; to Violenta, my wife, my vestment with gold coronets; to John de Bromwich, Knt. my courser called Gerfacon; to Richard Musard, Knt. a girdle of gold and a courser called Maugeneleyn; to Bartholomew Pygot; to John de Capell, my chaplain, a girdle of gold, to make a chalice in memory of my soul; and to the said John my best portiforium, with musical notes; to Master Nicholas de Haddeley a small portiforium, without notes; to John Wayte, my chaplain, a portiforium, with notes; to Thomas Waleys a circle of gold, with which my brother and Lord was created Prince; to Edmund Mone the circle with which I was created Duke; to Nicholas Bekennesfeld x marks a year out of the manor of Bremsfeld; to Robert Bardolf. And I appoint Violenta, my wife; Bartholomew Pigot, and John de Capell, my chaplain; and Sir John de Bromwich, Knight, my executors. In the presence of Nicholas de Bekennesfeld, Robert Bradway, John Bray, and others. Proved before William Archbishop of Canterbury 6 Ides of June 1369, at Lambeth.

Thomas Plantagenet of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Buckingham, Earl of Essex, Duke of Aumale 1355-1397

Born: 7 January 1355, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England

Died: 8 September 1397, Prince's Inn, Pas De Calais, Calais, France

Buried: Collegiate Church of the Holy Trinity, St Edmunds, Westminster, Middlesex, England

Parents: Edward III (born 13 November 1312, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, christened 16 November 1312, Royal Chapel Windsor, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, died 21 June 1377, Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, buried Westminster Abbey, Middlesex) married (24 January 1328 at York Minster, Yorkshire) Phillipa of Hainault (born 24 June 1311, Valenciennes, died 14 August 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. Died of the Plague, buried Westminster Abbey, London)

Siblings:

Prince Edward "The Black Prince" Plantagenet of Wales (15 June 1330, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, 8 June 1376, Westminster Palace, Middlesex, 29 September 1376, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent) married: (10 October 1361 at the Royal Chapel of St George at Windsor Castle, Berkshire) Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" (Born 29 September 1328, died 8 August 1385, Wallingford Castle, Buried Stamford, Lincolnshire, buried Grey Friars Minor, Stamford, Lincolnshire) Joan had previously married 1: William Montacute Earl of Salisbury (born 20 June 1328, Donyatt, Somerset, died 3 June1397) Joan had previously married 2: Thomas de Holland Earl of Kent (born 1314, died 26 December 1360, Normandy)

Princess Isabel Plantagenet of England, Countess of Bedford, (born 16 June 1332 Palace,Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died before 4 May 1379 Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England. buried Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England) married: (27 July 1365, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England) Enguerrand Le Brun VII De Coucy, 7th Earl of Bedford. (born 1339, died 18 February 1397, Bursa, Anatolia)

Joan (Joanna) Plantagenet of England (born February 1335 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, died 2 September 1348 Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France, died of the Bubonic Plague, buried Bayonne Cathedral, Gascony, France) Never married

William Plantagenet (born 16 February 1336 Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, died before 3 March 1337, buried York Minster, York, England)

Lionel "Of Antwerp" Plantagenet Duke of Clarence (born 29 November 1338 Antwerp, Antwerp Belgium, died 17 October 1368 Alba, Cuneo, Italy, buried in Clare, Suffolk, England) married 1: (15 August 1342 / 9 Sep 1342, Tower of London, London, Middlesex, England) Elizabeth de Burgh Countess of Ulster (born 7 June 1332, Carrickfergus, Ulster, died 12 October 1363, Dublin, Ireland, buried Clare Priory, Essex), daughter of William de Burgh Earl of Ulster (born 1312, died 1333, Murdered at Le Ford, Belfast) married Maud (died 1377, Bruisyard Abbey, Suffolk) she later married Ralph de Ufford (died 9 April 1346, Kilmainham, Ireland) married 2: (28 May/5 June 1368, Church of St Maria Maggiore, Milano, Italy) Violante Visconti (born 1353, Milano, Italy, died November 1382/6, Pavia, Italy)

Prince John "Of Gaunt" Plantagenet Earl of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lancaster (born 24 June 1340 St Bavon Abbey, Gand (Ghent), Flandre-Orientale (Belgium), died 3 February 1398 Leicester Castle, England, buried 15 March 1399 St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Middlesex, England) married 1: (19 May 1359) Blanche Plantagenet daughter of Henry Plantagenet (born March 25 1345, died 12 September 1369 married 2: Constance, elder daughter of Pedro the Cruel, King of Castile and Leon. (died 1394) married 3: Catherine Roet, daughter of Sir Payne Roet and widow of Sir Hugh Swynford

Edmund Plantagenet Duke of York (born 5 June 1341 King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England, died 1 August 1402 Langley, Hertfordshire, England) married 1: (1 January 1370/1371) Isabel Perez married 2: (4 November 1393) Joan Holland

Blanche Plantagenet (born March 1342 Tower Of London, London, Middlesex, England, died March 1342 Tower of London)

Mary Plantagenet, Duchess of Brittany (born 10 October 1344 Bishops Waltham, Hampshire, England, died 1361/62, buried Abingdon Abbey, Berkshire, England) married (1361, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England) Jean Montfort. Duke of Brittany

Margaret Plantagenet Countess Of Pembroke (born 20 July 1346 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, died after 1 October 1361, buried Abingdon Abbey, Abingdon, Berkshire, England) married (19 May 1359 Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England) John Hastings (born 29 August 1347, Sutton Valence, died 16 April 1375, Picardy, France, buried 28 April 1376 Friars Preachers, Hereford, Herefordshire, England)

Thomas Plantagenet (born 1347)

William Plantagenet (born before 24 June 1348 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, buried 5 September 1348)

Joan Plantagenet

Associated with: Alice Perrers

John De Southeray (born about 1364, Acceded 1377, died after 1383) married Matilda Percy

Joan Plantagenet married Robert Skerne

Jane Plantagenet married Richard Northland

Associated with: Unknown

Nicholas Lytlington, Abbot of Westminster (died 1386) Never claimed to be a kings son

Married: 24 August 1376

Spouse: Eleanor De Bohun, (Alianore), Duchess of Gloucester, (born 1366, died 3 October 1399, Minories Convent, Aldgate, London) daughter of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford (born 1342, died 1373) married Joan FitzAlan (died 1419)

Offspring:

1. Humphrey Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Buckingham (born 1381, died 1399)

2. Anne Plantagenet, of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford and Eu (born 1383, died 16 October 1438) married 1: Thomas de Stafford Earl of Stafford (born 1368, died 4 July 1392, Westminster), married 2: Edmund de Stafford Earl of Stafford (born 2 March 1377 died 21 July 1403, Slain at battle of Shrewsbury), married 3: William Bourchier Count of Eu (born before 1374, Little Eaton, Essex, died 28 May 1420, Troyes, Aube, France)

3. Joan Plantagenet (born 1384, died 1399) married Gilbert Talbot Lord Talbot (born 1383, died 19 October 1418, Rouen)

4. Isabella Plantagenet (Nun)

5. Phillippa Plantagenet (born 1389, died 3 October 1399)

Heraldic Coat of Arms: France (ancient) and England quarterly, a bordure argent.

Also given as France ancient and England quarterly, within a bordure argent; impaling Azure a bend argent cotised or between six lioncels rampant of the last

Knight of the Garter 1380, Stall 15, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Guichard d'Angle

Thomas was born after two short-lived sons, one of whom had also been baptised Thomas. He was born at Woodstock Palace in Oxfordshire. On 16 July 1377 he was created Earl of Buckingham. He also inherited the title Earl of Essex from his father-in-law, Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford on 22 June 1380. In 1385 he received the title Duke of Aumale, and was created Duke of Gloucester on 6 August 1385 at Hoselow Lodge, Tividale

On July 19 1380 Thomas landed at Calais for an expedition in which Richard II had funded by pawning the crown Jewels for £10,000 and consisted of 5,060 men, about half being archers. Buckingham adavanced to Burgundy and at the gate of Troyes a skirmish was fought lasting about 1 hour. The expedition took a wide detour through northern France, swinging as far west as the County of Champagne, pillaging and burning. The French refused to be drawn into a general engagement. When Buckingham's army finally arrived in Brittany, the political situation had changed, with the succession of a new French king and peace between Brittany and France seemed likely.In March 1381 the expedition returned to England.

Thomas and his wife had one son and four daughters. Following his murder where he was probably smothered to death at the Inn he was staying at (possibly on the orders of his nephew, King Richard II of England), at Calais in 1395, his title passed to his son, Humphrey, and subsequently to his eldest daughter, Anne.

William Beauchamp 1st Baron Bergavenny 1344-1411

Also known as Lord Bervagenny, Lord Abergavenny, Lord Abergavenni

Born: 1344, Warwick, Warwickshire, England

Christened:

Died: 8 May 1411 (will made 25 April 1408)

Buried: Black Friars, Hereford, Herefordshire, England

Parents: Thomas Beauchamp 3rd Earl of Warwick (born 14 February 1314, died 13 November 1369, Calais, France, of the plague, buried Collegiate Church of St. Mary, Warwick, Warwickshire, England) married Katherine de Mortimer (buried Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

Siblings:

Guy Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, (born about 1337, died 28 April 1360 France, buried Vendôme, France) married (before 1353) Philippa De Ferrers (born about 1337, Groby, Leicestershire, England, died before 10 Aug 1383/1384)

Phillippa Beauchamp Countess of Stafford (born about 1334, Elmley, Worcestershire, England, died before 6 April 1386, Stafford, Staffordshire, England) married (1 March 1350) Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl of Stafford (born 1334, Stafford, Staffordshire, England, died 16 October 1386, Rhodes, Greece)

Maud Beauchamp (born about 1335, Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire, England, died about 1402, buried St Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire, England) married Roger De Clifford, 5th Baron of Clifford

Thomas Beauchamp 4th Earl of Warwick (born 16 March 1338, died 8 April 1401) married (April 1381) Margaret Ferrers (born about 1347, died 22 January 1346)

Joan Beauchamp married (about May 1338) Ralph Bassett 3rd Lord Basset of Drayton (born about 1335, died 10 May 1390)

John Beauchamp (born about 1339, Warwick, Warwickshire, England, died 1361)

Roger Beauchamp (born about 1341, Warwick, Warwickshire, Englandwho died without issue

Jerome/Horom Beauchamp (born about 1343, Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

Reyburn/Reynburne Beauchamp (born before 24 April 1344, Warwick, Warwickshire, England, died before 29 July 1361)

Elizabeth Beauchamp (born about 1345 Warwick, Warwickshire, England) married Thomas Ufford

Alice Beauchamp (born about 1345, Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire, England, died 26 October 1383, buried St John's Priory, Bridgewater, Somerset, England) married 1: John Beauchamp (born 20 January 1329/30, Stoke Under Hamden, died 8 October 1361) 3rd Lord Beauchamp, married 2: (between 1371 and 1374) Sir William Gournay

Richard Beauchamp (born about 1347, Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

Agnes Beauchamp (born about 1348, Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

Margaret Beauchamp (born about 1350, Warwick, Warwickshire, England) married Guy de Montford

Juliana Beauchamp (born about 1352, Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

Catherine Beauchamp (born about 1354, Warwick, Warwickshire, England)

Isabel Beauchamp (born about 1356, died 29 September 1416) married 1: John le Strange married 2: William Ufford

Married: about 1396 Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, England

Spouse: Joan Fitzalan (born 1372 Arundel, Sussex, England, died 14 November 1435, buried in Black Friars, Herefordshire, England) daughter of Richard Fitzalan Earl of Arundel (born 1346 Arundel, Sussex, England, died 21 September 1397, London, Middlesex, England, buried in Augustine Friars, London, England) married : (28 September 1359Derbyshire, England) Elizabeth De Bohun (born about 1350, Derbyshire, England, died 3 April 1385)

Offspring:

Joan Beauchamp countess of Ormond (born 1396, Abergavenny, England, died 3 August 1340, Shene, buried Saint Thomas Acon, London, Middlesex, England) married (before 28 August 1413) James le Butler 'The White Earl' 4th Earl of Ormond (born 1392, Ormond, Ireland, died 23 August 1452, Ardee, Ireland, buried Saint Marys Abbey, Dublin, Ireland

Richard Beauchamp Earl of Worcester 2nd Baron Bergavenny (born about 1397, Abergavenny, monmouthshire, England, died after 18 March 1421/22 mortally wounded at Siege of Meaux, France, buried Tewksbury Abbey, Tewksbury, Gloucestershire England) married (27 July 1411 Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England) Isabel Despencer (born 26 July 1400 Cardiff, Wales, died 26 december 1439 Friars Minoresses, London, England, buried Tewksbury Abbey, Tewksbury, Gloucestershire, England) later married (26 November 1423 Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, England) Richard Beauchamp 5th Earl of Warwick (born circa 1395, died 30 April 1439, buried St.Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England). Note: Richard Beaucahmp of the same name was a cousin.

Elizabeth Beauchamp (born about 1400 Abergavenny, monmouthshire, England)

Heraldic Coat of Arms: gules, crusily and a fess or differenced with a crescent sable. Described by George Beltz as Gules, a fess between six cross-crosslets Or, the fess charged with a mullet for difference.

Knight of the Garter 1376, Stall 23, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Frank van Halen

William Beauchamp was the 3rd son of Thomas Beauchamp, the 3rd earl of Warwick. In 1367 William was in Spain and was at the Battle of Najera on 3 April 1367 and attended John of Gaunt. In 1371 William was a knight in the retinue of John of Gaunt in France, and again in 1374. During the 1374 William signed an indenture that for payment of 100 marks per year and wages for 6 horses and 4 boys, he would serve for life John of Gaunt. In 1377 William was granted Feckanham forest and park for life. In 1378 Richard II granted William the custody of Pembroke castle and its estates, as John Hastings was a minor, aged 5 on the death of his father John Hastings the 2nd earl of Pembroke.

In 1379 William was made Chamberlin of the kings household under Richard II. In 1379 William was in Spain serving under another son of Edward III, Edmund of Langley Earl of Cambridge, with 200 men at arms and 200 archers. William also served in the navy under John of Gaunt in 1379. In 1380 Richard II granted William an annuity of 200 marks per year. In 1383 William was made a commissioner to treat with Flanders and was appointed the Captain of Calais in 1384, which William held until 1392.

In 1386 an enquiry was appointed to look into the waste of the possessions of John Hastings by William Beauchamp who was the custodian. In 1390 John Hastings was killed in a tournament so his lands came into the ownership of William Beauchamp. In 1393 William became the lord of Bergavenny, this was a title that William received with the estates of John Hastings.

Memorials Of The Most Noble Order Of The Garter From Its Foundation To The Present Time, George Beltz, 1841

Thomas de Percy 1st Earl of Worcester 1343-1403

Also known as Thomas Percy

Born: 1343, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England

Christened:

Died: 23 July 1403

Buried: St. Peter's, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England

Parents: Henry de Percy 3rd Lord Percy (born 1322 Warkwarth Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England, died 18 May 1368) married 1: (September 1334 Tutbury Castle, Staffordshire, England) Mary Plantagenet (born 1320, died 1 September 1362, Tutbury Castle, England, buried buried Alnwick, Northumberland, England) married 2: (1365)Joan de Oreby

Siblings:

Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (born 10 November 1341 Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England, died 20 November 1408, Bramham Moor, Tadcaster, Yorkshire, England, buried York Minster, York, England) married 1: Elizabeth de Umfrevile (born about 1342) married 2: (12 July 1358 Brancepeth, Durham, England) Margaret/Matilda de Neville (born before 1336, died 12 May 1372) married 3: (15 December 1381) Maud de Lucy Baroness Lucy (born about 1350 Castle, Prudhoe, Northumberland, England, died 18 December 1398)

Mary Percy (born 1360, died 1395) married John Ros Baron Ros of Helmsley

Married:

Spouse:

Offspring:

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Or, A lion Rampant Azure, differenced

Heraldic Badge: A Crescent Argent

Knight of the Garter 1376, Stall 22, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Thomas Grandison

Thomas achieved the title of Knight Banneret.

In 1368 Thomas was the Seneschal of La Rochelle and fought in France under John of Gaunt in 1369. Thomas was Seneschal of Poitou in 1370 and Seneschal of Saintonge. In 1370 Thomas was in Poitou at the death of Sir John Chandos. During February 1370 Thomas fought in the relief of Belleperche. In September 1370 Thomas fought in Prince Edward's campaign and the taking and sacking of Limoges. In August 1371 Thomas fought at Montcontour. Thomas fought before the battle of Soubise on 23 August 1372 and was surprised and captured by Hywel Flint, a Welsh chaplin in the company of Owen of Wales, also captured was Jean de Grailly, the Captal de Buch. Thomas was released by the Duc de Berry on 2 October 1374.

Between 1 December 1376 and March 1381 Thomas was the keeper of Roxborough castle. During January to June 1377 Thomas negotiated as an envoy with the French for a peace treaty at Boulogne and Calais. Geoffrey Chaucer was under the command of Thomas in Flanders. Thomas was the joint warden of the East Marches on 16 July 1377. On 22 October 1377 Thomas was the joint commissioner in peace treaty talks with Scotland. On 5 November 1378 Thomas was the Admiral of the Fleet for the North, a position he would be appointed to several times again. On 4 March 1378/9 Thomas held the title of Joint Captain of Brest. On July 9 1380 Thomas held the position of Chief Commissioner for talks with Brittany.

From July 1380 to April 1381 Thomas fought in the expedition of the Duke of Buckingham in Brittany. Thomas held the position again of Captain of Brest from 21 September 1381 to 1386. On 3 August 1383 Thomas was Joint warden of the East Marches towards Scotland. On 4 November 1383 Thomas was a commissioner that negotaited with the Count of Flanders and France. Thomas held the position of Assistant Warden of the Marches from 1 May 1384 to 11 June 1384.

Thomas fought during the Duke of Lancaster's expedition to Spain and Portugal in July 1386 and 1387, where he was required to bring a force of 240 men, larger than that normally supplid by a banneret. Between 1390 and 1394 Thomas was Councillor to Queen Anne, wife of Richard II. Thomas held in February 1389/90 the title of Vice Chamerlain of the Royal Household. On 14 May 1390 Thomas held the position of Justiciar of South Wales and Keeper of Newcastle Emlyn, Carmarthenshire on 20 December 1390. On 9 January 1392/3 Thomas was the Keeper of Haverford Castle. In 1392 Thomas headed the English party to treat with France for Peace. Between February 1393 and July 1399 Thomas held the position of Steward of the Royal Household.

On 29 September 1397 Thomas was created the 1st Earl of Worcester in its second creation. Later he would sometimes be known simply as 'Worcester'. Thomas was constable of Jedburgh castle on 19 October 1397 and Captain of Calais on 22 January 1397/8. On 16 January 1398/9 Thomas was the Admiral of the Fleet for Ireland. In 1398 Thomas ws appointed with John of Gaunt to look into violations of the peace treaty with France. In 1398 Thomas was appointed Executor to the will of the Duchess of Gloucester. In 1399 Thomas was appointed the executor of John of Gaunt. Before 4 December 1399 Thomas was appointed as a Privy Counsellor

Thomas journeyed with Richard II to Ireland in 1399 but on returning to England Thomas joined with his brother and nephew and defected from Richard II to support Henry Bolingbroke who became Henry IV. In supporting Henry IV Thomas kept all his previous privileges. Thomas held the position of Steward to the Royal Household, from 1401 to 1402. Henry IV appointed in 1401 Thomas Lieutenant of South Wales and tutor to the Prince of Wales in 1402. Thomas was Captain of Cardigan Castle and Lampeter Castle in November 1401. In February 1403 Thomas joined the rebellion of his brother and nephew and the rebellion was declared to be treason the honours of Thomas were forfeited. In Henry IV part 1 by William Shakespeare it is Thomas who influences his young nephew Hotspur to withold Scottish prisoners from the king and a plan for overthrowing Henry IV. Thomas fought in the Battle of Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403 where it was said that he withheld information on the generous peace, terms from Hotspur. Thomas was defeated, captured and beheaded 2 days later on 23 July 1403. Thomas was buried at Whitchurch but was dug up 2 days later and his head cut off and fixed on one of the gates of York and his body exhibited at Shrewsbury.

Thomas Holland 2nd Earl of Kent, Lord of Wake, Lord of Woodstock 1350-1397

Also known as Thomas de Holand

Born: about 1350 Upholand, Lancashire, England

Christened:

Died: 25 April 1397, Arundel Castle, Sussex, England

Buried: Bourne Abbey, Lincolnshire, England

Parents: Thomas Holland 1st earl of Kent (born 1314, Broughton, Buckinghamshire, England, died 28 December 1360, Normandy, France) married Joan Plantagenet, died (7 August 1385), the 'Fair Maid of Kent', granddaughter of King Edward I and sister and sole heir of John, Earl of Kent.

Siblings:

Edmund Holland (born before 1352, Upholland, Lancashire, England, died young)

John Holland Earl of Huntingdon, Duke of Exeter (born about 1355, Upholland, Lancashire, England, died 9 October died 1400, Castle, Pleshey, Essex, England), married (24 August 1386) Elizabeth Plantagenet of Lancaster (born 1364, died 1428)

Joan Holland (born 1350, died after 25 December 1384) married (1366) John IV de Montfort (born 1365, died 1 November 1399), Count of Montfort, Duke of Brittany

Maud/Matilda Holland (born about 1356, Upholland, Lancashire, England, died before 13 April 1392), married 1: Hugh, Lord Courtenay (died 1377), married 2: (1380) Waleran, Count De St. Pol (born 1335, died 1415)

Married: 10 April 1364

Spouse: Alice Fitzalan (born 1352, Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England, died 17 March 1416) daughter of Richard Fitzalan (born about 1313, Arundel, Sussex, England, died 24 Jan 1376 Arundel, Sussex, England, buried Lewes, Sussex, England) married Eleanor Plantagenet, Countess of Arundel (born about 1311/1322 Grismond Castle, Monmouthshire, died 11 January 1372 Arundel, Sussex, England, buried Lewes, Sussex, England) Richard Fitzalan married 1: Isabel Le Despencer, Countess of Arundel (born about 1312 Gloucestershire, England)

Offspring:

Alianor/Eleanor Holland (born about 1372/3 Upholland, Lancashire, England, died 18 October 1405, buried 23 October 1405 Abby Bishom, Berkshire, England) married 1 (about 7 October 1388): Roger Mortimer 4th Earl of March (born 11 April 1374 Monmouthshire, England, died 20 July 1398) married 2 (about 1396): Upholland, Lancashire, England): Edward Cherleton Lord Cherleton Of Powys (born 1371 Powys, Wales, married 3 (13 May 1399): Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury (born before 14 June 1388 Salisbury, Wiltshire, England, died 3 November 1428)

Thomas Holland 3rd Earl of Kent, Duke of Surrey (born 1374, Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England, died 8 January 1400, murdered) married 20 October 1392

Edmund Holland 4th Earl of Kent (born 6 January 1384, died 15 September 1407) married Constance Plantagenet (born about 1374, died 28 November 1416)

Margaret Holland (born 1385, died 30 December 1429, St. Saviour's Monastery, Bermondsey, Surrey, England, buried Canterbury Cathedral, Kent) married 1 (after 28 September 1397): John Beaufort, Marquess of Somerset (born about 1373, died 21 April 1410, St. Catherine by the Tower, buried Canterbury Cathedral, Kent) married 2 (10 November 1411): Thomas Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence (born 1 October 1388, died 22 March 1421, buried Canterbury Cathedral, Kent)

Joan Holland (born about 1380, died 12 April 1434) married (4 November 1393) Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (born 5 June 1341, died 1 August 1402) married 2 (after 1 August 1402 before 9 August 1404) 5th Lord Willoughby de Eresby, married 3 (6 September 1410): Lord Scrope of Marsham (beheaded 5 August 1415) married 4 (between autumn 1415 and April 1416): 1st Lord Vessey (died 12 April 1434)

Bridget de Holland (born 1390)

Elizabeth Holland married (before 1394, died 1423) John Neville (died 1423)

Heraldic Coat of Arms: England within a bordure argent

Knight of the Garter 1376, Stall 12, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of John de Mohun

In 1360 his father Thomas died and Thomas became the Baron of Kent. Thomas was the stepson of Edward of Woodstock and half brother to Richard II, through his mother Joan 'the fair maid of Kent', who had married Prince Edward after the death of his father. The marriage helped to advance the brothers and sisters of Thomas. In 1366 Thomas at the age of 16 was made Captain of English forces Aquitaine for the English and in 1367 was knighted by Prince Edward, taking part in his expedition to Spain in 1367. In 1376 Thomas took part in the expedition to Brittany which consisted of 2,000 men at arms and 3,000 archers. Thomas was Keeper of the New Forest from 1377 to 1397.

When Richard II came to the throne in 1377, Thomas exerted his influence on the Royal Court over his younger step brother and was granted an annual income of £200 for life. As his number of court appointments grew he was to earn £1,000 per year. In 1380 Thomas was granted the title Earl Marshal of England. In 1380 Thomas helped to arrange the marriage of Richard II to Anne of Luxembourg, sister of the Emperor.

In 1381 Thomas was created the Earl of Kent, the title had been held by his mother. In 1381 during the Peasants Revolt Thomas was appointed as the captain of the king's forces and was with Richard II in the Tower of London when the rebels were headed for London. When Richard II went to meet the rebels at Mile End, Thomas fearing for his own life stayed away from the meeting. In 1385 on the death of his mother Thomas gained her lands. Thomas was granted the manor of Brockenhurst in 1388. In 1389 Thomas was made Constable of the Tower and a Privy Councilor.

Just before his death in 1397 Thomas was made Constable of Carisbrooke Castle

Hugh de Stafford 2nd Earl of Stafford, 3rd Baron of Stafford 1342-1386

Also known as Hugh Stafford or Hugh de Stafforde

Born: about 1342, Stafford, Staffordshire, England

Christened:

Died: 16 October 1386, Rhodes, Greece

Buried: Stone Priory

Parents: Ralph de Stafford 1st Earl of Stafford (born 24 September 1301, died 31 August 1372, Tunbridge, Kent, England) married 1(1326): Katherine Hastang (daughter of Sir John Hastang and Eve) married 2: (before 6 July 1336) Margaret Audley Baroness Audley (born 1323, Stafford, Staffordshire, England, died 7 September 1349, Staffordshire, England, buried Tonbridge, Kent, England)

Siblings:

By Katherine de Hastang

Margaret de Stafford (born about 1326, Staffordshire, England) married Sir John Stafford of Amblech and Bramshill

Joan (born about 1330) married Sir Nicholas Bere

By Margaret de Audley

Sir Ralph Stafford (born about 1336, died 1348) married (1 November 1344) Maud Plantagenet

Joan/Joane de Stafford (born about 1337, Staffordshire, England, died before 1379) married 1: John de Cherlton/Cherleton 2nd Lord of Powys (died 1374) married 2: Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Lord Talbot

Catherine/Katherine de Stafford (born before 1340, Stafford, Staffordshire, England, died 6 December 1361) married (25 December 1357) Sir John de Sutton Lord of Dudley (died 1376)

Elizabeth de Stafford (born about 1340, Staffordshire, England, died 7 August 1375) married 1 (12 March 1346/7): Fulk le Strange, 3rd Lord Blackmere (born about 1300, died 30 August 1349), married 2 (about 1356): Sir John de Ferrers 4th Lord of Chartley (died 2 April 1367) married 3: Reynold de Cobham, 2nd Lord of Sterborough (died about 1403)

Beatrice de Stafford (born about 1342, died 14 April 1415), married 1 (1350): Maurice FitzMaurice Fitz Thomas, 2nd Earl of Desmond (born 31 July 1336, died before 5 June 1388), married 2 (1 January 1358/9): Sir Thomas de Ros, 4th Lord Ros (born 13 January 1336, Stoke Albany, Northampton, England, died 1384), married 3: Sir Richard Burley

Married: Before 1368

Spouse: Philippa Beauchamp (born 1344, Elmley, Worcestershire, England, died before 6 April 1386) daughter of Sir Thomas Beauchamp 3rd Earl of Warwick (born 14 February 1314, Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England, died 13 November 1369, Calais, Pas de Calais, France) married (1337) Katherine/Catherine Mortimer (born 1309/10 Wigmore, Hertfordshire, England, died 4 August 1369)

Offspring:

Ralph de Stafford (died 1385)

Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl of Stafford (died 1392) married Anne Plantagenet of Gloucester, Countess of Buckingham (born April 1383, Pleshy, Essex, England, died 16 October 1438), Anne married 2 (before 28 June 1392): Edmund de Stafford 5th Earl of Staford (born March 1377, Stafford, England, died 21 July 1403, Battle of Shrewsbury, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England, buried Church of the Austin Friars, Stafford, England) Anne married 3: Sir William Bourchier Comte d'Eu (born 1374, Little Eaton, Essex, England, died 28 May 1420, Troyes, France)

William de Stafford, 4th Earl of Stafford (born 21 September 1375, died 6 April 1395)

Katherine De Stafford (born about 1376, died 8 April 1419) married (before 23 November 1383) Michael de la Pole 2nd Earl of Suffolk (born 1368, died 14 September 1415)

Lady Margaret Stafford (born about 1364, Brancepeth, County Durham, England, died 9 June 1396, Raby Castle, County Durham, England, buried Brancepeth, County Durham, England) married (before 1370) Sir Ralph de Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (born 1364, Raby Castle, County Durham, England, died 21 October 1425, Raby Castle, County Durham, England, buried Staindrop, County Durham, England)

Edmund de Stafford 5th Earl of Staford (born 2 March 1377, Stafford, England, died 21 July 1403, Battle of Shrewsbury, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England, buried Church of the Austin Friars, Stafford, England) married (before 28 June 1398) Anne Plantagenet, Countess of Buckingham (born April 1383, Pleshy, Essex, England, died 16 October 1438), Anne married 1: Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl of Stafford (died 1392), Anne married 3: Sir William Bourchier Comte d'Eu (born 1374, Little Eaton, Essex, England, died 28 May 1420, Troyes, France)

Sir Hugh Stafford (died 1420)

Joane Stafford married Thomas Holland, 3rd Earl of Kent (died 1400)

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Or, a chevron Gules.

Knight of the Garter 1375, Stall 3, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Edward le Despencer

In 1358 Hugh succeeded to the title of 3rd Lord Audley. In 1359 age the age of 17 Hugh was in France with the retinue of Prince Edward. In 1366 Hugh was in Aquitaine with Prince Edward and with him in 1367 in Spain. Hugh succeeded to the title of 2nd Earl of Stafford on 31 August 1372.

In 1376 Hugh was one of the 4 Earls chosen for the councils of the Good Parliament together with Edmund Mortimer Earl of March, Thomas Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, and Thomas Ufford. In 1378 to 1380 Hugh was on the Committee that helped govern Richard II. In 1385 Hugh accompanied Richard II on his Scottish expedition. During the expedition his son Ralph was killed on a journey between York and Bishopsthorne, in a brawl with John Holland, the Earl of Huntingdon and later Duke of Exeter. One of Ralph's retainers had killed John's favourite Esquire.

On 16 Apri 1386 Hugh made his last will and testament before he undertook a pilgrimage to the Holy Sepuchre in Jerusalem and was on his return journey when he died on the Island of Rhodes. John Hinkley his squire brought his body back to England. John de Sewell was an executor to the will of Hugh.

 

William Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk 1300-1382

Also known as William d' Ufford, William Offord

Born: 1300, Thurston, Suffolk, England

Christened:

Died: 1382

Buried:

Parents: Robert D' ufford (born in 1279 Thurston, Suffolk, England, died 1316) married Cecily Devaloines/de Valoines (born about 1281, died 16 July 1325)

Siblings:

Robert d' Ufford (born 10 August 1298, Thurston, Suffolk, England, died 4 November 1369, buried Priory, Campsey, Suffolk, England) married (13 November 1334) Margaret de Norwich

Ralph De Ufford, Justiciar of Ireland, (born about 1302, died 9 April 1346, Kilmainham, Meath, Ireland, buried Campsey Priory, Suffolk) married 1: Eve de Clavering, married 2: (before 8 August 1343) Maud "Of Lancaster" Plantagenet (born 1298 Lancaster, Lancashire, England, died 5 May 1377, buried Priory, Campsey, Suffolk, England) Maud previously married (1 May 1327 by Papal Dispensation) William de Burgh (born 17 September 1312, Ulster, Ireland, died 6 June 1333, Le Ford, Belfast, Antrim, Ireland)

Edmund Ufford (born about 1304 Thurston, Suffolk, England, died 3 October 1375, buried in Langley, England) married (about 1312, Holme Pierrepont, Nottinghamshire, England) Sibilla De Pierrepont

John Ufford (born about 1306, Thurston, Suffolk, England, died in 1348)

Agnes Ufford (born about 1308, Thurston, Suffolk, England)

Eve/Agnes Eva Ufford (born about 1314, Thurston, Suffolk, England, died after May 1370, buried Woodbridge priory married John Braose/ John de Brewes (born 10 August 1306 died after May 1370)

Married 1:

Spouse 1: Joan/Joane Montacute (born 1309, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England, died 1376) daughter of Edward Montacute and Alice Plantagenet

Offspring 1:

Robert d' Ufford (born about 1339) married (1375) Eleanor Fitzalan (born about 1369)

William

Thomas

Edmund

Margaret

Married 2: 1376

Spouse 2: Isabel Beauchamp (born about 1356, Warwick, Warwickshire, England, died 29 September 1416) daughter of Thomas Beauchamp 3rd earl, (born 14 February 1313, died 13 November 1369, Calais, buried St Mary's Warwick, England) married (about 1334, Warwickshire, England) Catherine/Katherine de Mortimer (born 1309/10, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England, died before 6 September 1369, London, Middlesex, England), Isabel married previously John Lestrange of Blackmere (died 1375)

Offspring 2:

None

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Sable a cross engrailed or, differenced with an annulet Or, or an annulet Argent

Knight of the Garter 1375, Stall 8, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Richard Pembridge

William was campaigning in France in 1369-70 and succeeded to the Earldom of Suffolk after the death of his elder brother on 4 November 1369. William was with John of Gaunt in his campaign of 1373.

In 1376 William was one of the 4 Earls chosen for the councils of the Good Parliament together with Edmund Mortimer Earl of March, Thomas Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, and Ralph Stafford Earl of Stafford. In 1381 or 1382 William gave a donation to the Charterhouse in London, being a benefactor of a monks cell. William took part in the suppression of the peasants revolt in 1381. William made his will in June 1381 and left to William Wingfield of Cotton and Dennington (1326-1398) an ‘enpension’ of £20 a year for life as well as a covered goblet to keep in his memory. As William left no male heirs, his 4 sons all having died young, the title Earl of Suffolk became extinct until Richard II granted it to Michael de la Pole in 1385.

WILLIAM DE UFFORD earl of Suffolk (dec'd)
Inquisition taken at Costeseye 3 March, 5 Richard II He held the manors of Costeseye, Causton and Burgh and the
undermentioned rents of £20, £76 16s 8d in his demesne as of fee tail by gift and grant of Edward III to robert Ufford late earl of suffolk, his father, and heirs. He died without male issue of his body, but the jurors do not know whether Isabel his wife, is pregnant or not.

Thomas Banastre 1334-1379

Also known as Banaster, Banester

Born: about 1334/1335, Bank Hall, Croston, Lancashire, England

Christened:

Died: 16 December 1379, Irish Sea

Buried:

Parents: Sir Adam Banastre (born 1310, Bretherton, Croston, Lancashire, England) married (about 1333 Bank Hall, Croston, Lancashire, England) Joan Petronilla (born about 1310) of Claughton

Siblings:

Thurston Banastre (born about 1337, Bank Hall, Croston, Lancashire, England)

Adam Banastre (born aboout 1340, Bank Hall, Croston, Lancashire, England)

William Banastre (born abouit 1341, Bretherton, Croston, Lancashire, England) married (about 1362): Sybil de Houghton (born about 1345)

John Banastre (born about 1343, Bank Hall, Croston, Lancashire, England)

Married:

Spouse:

Offspring:

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Argent, a cross patonce sable Described by George Beltz as Argent, a cross Cercelee Sable.

Crest: A peacock in his pride seiant, proper.

Knight of the Garter 1375, Stall 26, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Walter Paveley

Thomas was fighting in France in 1360 in the campaign led by Edward III and was knighted by Edward III at Bourg la Reine. Thomas was in Prince Edward's Spanish campaign in 1366 and fought at the battle of Najera on 3 April 1367. In 1369 Thomas was in Anjou and was captured by the French and was exchanged for Sire Caponnel de Caponnat who was held by the English. On 16 December 1379 he was on board a fleet led by Sir John Arundel which encountered a storm in the Irish sea, and his ship struck a rock and Thomas was drowned. Sir Hugh Calveley was aboard the same ship but survived.

Memorials Of The Most Noble Order Of The Garter From Its Foundation To The Present Time, George Beltz, 1841

 

Page 1 of 5

leafborder